One of the texts now available on the QDL is The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices:
|Portrait of al-Kindi|
Fields studied were Mathematics, Astronomy, Medicine, Physics, Chemistry etc. etc. These were largely viewed in how they interrelated and came together into understanding the world as it works. The polymaths, known as hakim, were poets and writers who were also skilled in many of the sciences. One of the things they have to be credited with is the transmission of the sciences and they were the source for much scientific development and exploration.
One of these polymaths was Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi (801-873) who translated many Greek classical texts into Arabic and is known as the 'father of Islamic or Arabic philosophy' for his own writing, inspired by the Greek and Hellenistic texts he was translating. What I find especially interesting about him was his work towards combining his belief in Islam with his belief in reason.
This is, of course, only a small, tiny, minuscule peek into the wealth of knowledge and advancement which the Gulf and wider region blessed the world with early on. I think it's great that these texts have become available to the wider audience because not only are they full of wisdom, they are also stunningly decorated. So, if you have some time to spare, hop over to the Qatar Digital Library and have a look!